What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a condition that affects the gums. The first stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis, and with proper care it is completely reversible at this stage. Over time, the infection continues to degrade the gums, causing small pockets to form around each tooth. Bacteria and debris can become trapped in these pockets, further contributing the infection and progression of the disease. Without adequate treatment, periodontal disease can cause tooth and bone loss.
Why is treatment necessary for Periodontal Disease?
In its early stages, minimal treatment is needed. Treating periodontal disease early can help to prevent spread of the disease, as well as repair damage that has already been done. If treatment is not provided, tooth and bone loss can occur. In fact, periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss. Treatment can help you keep your teeth, and can give you a healthier looking smile.
How do you know you have Periodontal Disease?
During your routine checkup appointments, we’ll check your gums for signs of periodontal disease. We do this by measuring and examining the gum pockets around each tooth to look for signs of redness and inflammation. Some of the most common signs of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Gum inflammation
- Gum pain
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums
- Mouth sores
What happens during treatment of Periodontal Disease?
Treatment for periodontal disease is specific to the stage of the condition, as well as the patient’s individual needs. One of the first lines of defense against gum disease is having a type of cleaning treatment called a scaling and root planing. This procedure is done by a hygienist, and involves removing debris and plaque buildup that has accumulated in the gingival pockets around each tooth. You may need to have a scaling and root planing done often to successfully treat gum disease and prevent it from getting worse. Other treatment options, like laser gum treatment and periodontal trays, can be used to prevent the disease from advancing.
If you have periodontal disease, or think you may have this condition, call us today and our helpful staff members can help by scheduling an appointment for you.