What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is a condition that affects the gums. The first stage of periodontal disease is known as gingivitis, and it is completely reversible at this particular stage. Over time, the infection continues to degrade the gums, causing small pockets to form around each tooth. Bacteria and debris is allowed to get into these pockets, furthering the infection and progression of the disease. Without adequate treatment, periodontal disease can cause tooth loss and bone loss.
Why is treatment necessary for Periodontal Disease?
In its early stages, minimal treatment is needed and can help to prevent spread of the disease as well as repair damage that has already been done. If treatment is not provided, tooth loss and bone loss can occur. In fact, periodontal disease is the number one cause of tooth loss. Treatment can prevent you from losing your teeth and can improve the look of your smile.
How do you know you have Periodontal Disease?
During your routine checkup appointments, we’ll check your gums for signs of periodontal disease. We do this by measuring the gum pockets around each tooth and looking for signs of redness and inflammation. Some of the most common signs of periodontal disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Gum inflammation
- Gum pain
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums
- Mouth sores
What happens during treatment of Periodontal Disease?
Treatment for periodontal disease is specific to the stage of the condition as well as the patient’s individual needs. One of the first lines of defense against gum disease is a scaling and root planing. This procedure is done by a hygienist and involves removing debris and plaque buildup that has accumulated in the gingival pockets around each tooth. You may need to have a scaling and root planing done often to treat gum disease and prevent it from getting worse. Other treatment options, like laser gum treatment and periodontal trays, can be used to help treat the disease and prevent it from getting worse.
If you have periodontal disease or think that you might have this condition, call us today and our helpful staff members can help by scheduling an appointment for you.