04 May The Onset and Progression of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease does not occur overnight … there are clues that you may be progressing from gingivitis (the early stage) to the more serious condition, periodontitis. Patients who visit their dentist regularly have the advantage of their dental professional spotting a problem before it escalates.
Early Symptoms of Gum Disease
Changes in gum tissue provide a sign that trouble may be brewing. Red, swollen gums are abnormal – healthy gum tissue is pink and firm.
If gums bleed when you brush or floss, you may be using the wrong tools or technique. Your dentist or hygienist flosses your teeth correctly every time you get your teeth cleaned. Note the way floss is used to reach all areas between teeth. Massage gums with floss to obtain the maximum benefit.
Use a soft bristle toothbrush and minimal pressure when brushing. Teeth do not need to be scrubbed if you brush the recommended two minutes twice a day. Rinse thoroughly after you brush. Unprovoked bleeding gums are symptomatic of the onset of gum disease; see your dentist right away.
Chronic bad breath is another indicator. Foods and beverages consumed can result in halitosis; but if the condition is pervasive, you may have gum disease.
Left untreated, gum disease can continue to worsen. Gum tissue pulling away from teeth or teeth feeling loose are signs that you require immediate treatment.
If you are experiencing pain, an abscess, or have reached the stage of teeth movement, the disease is in the advanced stage. Periodontitis impacts more than gum tissue. The bones that hold teeth in place are being affected.
Gum Disease Treatment Treatment
Each stage of gum disease demands different measures to treat. If caught early, regular brushing and flossing coupled with using an antiseptic oral rinse may be sufficient to reverse gingivitis.
A more advanced periodontal condition may require root planing and scaling … a deep cleaning that involves going beneath the gum line to remove plaque to help prevent a recurrence.
As the periodontal condition worsens, the treatment needed is more extensive such as surgery where the infected area is cleaned out and the damaged tooth supporting tissues are reshaped or replaced in an effort to save dentition.
Gum disease is preventable … do not smoke, brush and floss daily, and visit the office of Lori Logan, DDS, as recommended for cleaning and exam.